August 24, 2018

The importance of bioorganic chemistry for biology and medicine

Bioorganic chemistry has a strong influence on the development of all disciplines of the medical and biological profile and is closely connected with the solution of important issues of practical public health.

Without knowledge of the structure and properties of biopolymers and bioregulators, it is impossible to know the essence of biological processes. A brilliant example of this is the fact that the establishment of the structure of such biopolymers as proteins and nucleic acids stimulated the development of ideas about the matrix protein biosynthesis and the role of nucleic acids in the storage and transmission of genetic information. The possibility of synthetic preparation of analogues of natural compounds opens the way to clarifying the mechanism of action of the chemical compound in the cell.

Therefore, bioorganic chemistry plays an important role in elucidating such important issues as the mechanism of action of enzymes, drugs, the molecular mechanism of immunity, the processes of vision, respiration, memory, as well as the actual problem of molecular conductivity, etc. A lot of work is done to decipher the mechanism of functioning of nerve fiber membranes, which is very important for the development of new ways of treating diseases of the nervous system.

Explain the relationship between the structure of the connection and the mechanism of its biological functioning, i.e. the relationship “structure-function” is a fundamental problem of bioorganic chemistry. This problem has a general scientific value, it is especially important for biology and medicine. Bioorganic chemistry, along with other scientific disciplines, contributes to the formation of ideas in biology and medicine at the molecular level and contributes to their progress.

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